Gin: General Knowledge

Gin

This article is about the alcoholic beverage.For other uses, see Gin (disambiguation).
  A selection of bottled gins offered at a liquor store

Gin is a spirit which derives its predominant flavour from juniper berries (Juniperus communis). From its earliest beginnings in the Middle Ages, gin has evolved over the course of a millennium from a herbal medicine to an object of commerce in the spirits industry. Today, the gin category is one of the most popular and widely distributed range of spirits, and is represented by products of various origins, styles, and flavor profiles that all revolve around juniper as a common ingredient.[1][2]

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Vodka: General Knowledge

Vodka

This article is about the liquor. For other uses, see Vodka (disambiguation).
Vodka (PolishwódkaRussian: водка) is a distilled beverage composed primarily of water and ethanol, sometimes with traces of impurities and flavorings. Vodka is made by the distillation of fermented substances such as grainspotatoes, or sometimes fruits or sugar.

Vodka is a spirit that was virtually unknown in the United States prior to the 1940s.[1] Traditionally prepared vodkas had an alcoholic content of 40% by volume.[citation needed]Today, the standard UkrainianPolishRussian, Latvian and Lithuanian vodkas are 40% alcohol by volume (ABV) or 80 proof. The European Union has established a minimum of 37.5% ABV for any “European vodka” to be named as such.[2][3] Products sold as vodka in the United States must have an alcoholic content of 30% or more.[4] For homemade vodkas and distilled beverages referred to as “moonshine”, see moonshine by country.

Vodka is traditionally drunk neat in the vodka belt countries of Eastern Europe and around the Baltic Sea. It is also commonly used in cocktails and mixed drinks, such as theBloody MaryScrewdriverSex on the BeachMoscow MuleWhite RussianBlack Russianvodka tonic, and in a vodka martini.

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